The first station –
The railway station was built during the reign of the Turks in Israel. The inspiration for its design was European and Templar. The railway and line from Jaffa to Jerusalem underwent many vicissitudes over the years, until the line was closed in 1998. The first station was neglected and abandoned over the years due to disagreements and did not develop despite its central location. This is until a group of entrepreneurs raised the issue and initiated the impressive reconstruction, the area reached 11 hectares of commerce, culture and tourism after the renovation.
At the beginning, the road was a small dirt road that led from Jerusalem to the village of Beit Safafa. In 1873 the German Colony was founded on it by the Templars, and part of the road was paved and became the main street in the colony. After the War of Independence, the street became popular among affluent residents, thanks to its proximity to the center of the city and the unique rural character of the neighborhood and its houses. Towards the end of the 20th century The street developed as a center for entertainment and catering, and restaurants, cafés, bars and various businesses were opened, and various events and festivals took place there.
Begin Heritage Center
The center is a rich and lively cultural center with a museum that takes the viewer into the depths of the life of an inspirational leader. The Menachem Begin Heritage Center is the state memorial to one of the greatest leaders of the Jewish people in the 20th century. The Center perpetuates the legacy of Menachem Begin as a courageous, proud and fearless fighter who worked for the freedom, future and security of the Jewish people in his country. In the center of the center is the “Kittaf Hinnom” archaeological garden, which contains burial caves from the First Temple period. The center overlooks Mount Zion and the walls of the Old City of Jerusalem, including a museum that provides an experiential and exciting visit, an archive, a library and a research institute.
A film archive that operates in Jerusalem. Cinematheque courses, seminars and workshops on cinema are held. It also has a multimedia center for Holocaust research.
The name of Guy in Jerusalem, which is mentioned in the Bible, is today identified as a valley south of the Old City and the City of David and surrounding Mount Zion. It connects eastward to Nahal Kidron. The Mamilla compound currently has the other end. This place is the source of the name Hell given to the place where, according to the belief, sinners will arrive after death.
The Sultan’s Pool –
The Sultan’s Pool was built by the Ottoman Sultan Suleiman I in 1536, and today serves as an open amphitheater where various cultural events are held, and music performances by artists.
Teddy Park at the foot of the walls of the Old City and the Tower of David
The Tower of David is the name given to the citadel, which for thousands of years defended the city of Jerusalem. Despite the name of the fortress (there is no connection between it and King David). The castle is located in the highest place in the Old City – this strategic point was a pretext to build a fortification site, in order to protect the city from the west. Throughout history, the fortress has played a central role in the defense of the city and served as a military and military center. Today there is a museum of the history of Jerusalem. The citadel is adjacent to the entrance to the wall near the Jaffa Gate.
The walls of Jerusalem were part of the landscape of Jerusalem city for most of its existence. The wall was meant to protect it from enemies, almost every time the city was conquered and destroyed, the wall was also destroyed. The wall was usually built again by the new occupier or by the city’s residents. The first wall was built around Jerusalem in the Canaanite period more than 4,000 years ago. And the last, to this day, was established by order of suliman the first, Sultan of the Ottoman Empire, in the middle of the 16th century. Today the wall serves as a tourist site and as a symbol of the Old City of Jerusalem.